Internal displacement due to conflict occurs in different parts of Ethiopia. It is caused mainly by ethnic tensions exacerbated by the government’s regionalisation policy
along ethnic lines, tight political control from the centre, and widespread resource
shortages in a chronically food-insecure country. In the absence of a coherent ap-
proach to internally displaced persons (IDPs), estimates of displacement vary from
100,000 to 280,000, including some 60,000 drought IDPs. This report considers the
displacement situations in the four regions of Tigray, Somali, Oromiya and Gambella.
Drought displacement and the national resettlement scheme are mentioned as well.