Thursday, 3 December 2009

The causes of conflict in Africa


Has dramatically increased in level and scale throughout the 1990s. In January 2000 over half of African countries were affected.

Is caused by inequality, economic decline, state collapse and history.

Has changed in nature; wars are now predominantly regional.

Has increasingly affected non-combatants over the past decade as a result of increasing factional fighting and violent action against the civilian population.

Has caused as many deaths each year as are caused by epidemic diseases, and has uprooted millions of people.

Is constraining economic growth on the continent as a whole. Its economic impact crosses state borders.

Has resulted in a marked reduction in food production and serious losses of infrastructure.

Must be tackled because of the human suffering and also because of the impact on global security and the environment.

Requires a stronger and more focused international effort encompassing conflict prevention, reduction, resolution and peace building, in order to respond effectively and break the conflict cycle.
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