The demobilization and reintegration of ex-combatants represent a
great challenge for Rwanda. Since it constitutes an integral part of the overall
transformation from a war-torn to a reconstructed country, this process is shaped
by both the opportunities and constrains that is currently unfolding in present-day
Rwanda. The RDRP Stage II (2001-2005) targeted to demobilize 20,000 soldiers from
the national army (RDF) and about 25,000 members of armed groups (AG)
including 2,500 child soldiers over a period of three years from neighboring
countries particularly from Democratic Republic of Congo (RDC).